1. Centre of Biomedical Research, SGPGIMS Campus, Raebareli Road, Lucknow, 226014, India.
2. Department of Critical Care Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow - 226014, India.
Background: Septic shock, with a prolonged hospital stay, has the highest mortality rate worldwide. There is a need for better management of the disease, which requires time-dependent analysis of alteration occurring in the disease condition and subsequent planning of treatment strategies to curb mortality.
Objective: The study aims to identify early metabolic signatures associated with septic shock before treatment and post-treatment. It also entails the progression of patients towards recovery, which clinicians could use to analyze treatment efficacy.
Methods: The study was performed on 157 serum samples of patients with septic shock. We performed metabolomic, univariate, and multivariate statistics to identify the significant metabolite signature of patients prior to treatment and during treatment by collecting serum samples on the day I, day III, and day V of treatment.
Results: We identified metabotypes of patients before treatment and post-treatment. The study showed time-dependent metabolite alteration in ketone bodies, amino acids, choline, and NAG in patients undergoing treatment.
Conclusion: This study illustrates the metabolite's journey in septic shock and during treatment, which may be of prospective assistance to clinicians to monitor therapeutics.