Nanotheranostics 2022; 6(3):286-305. doi:10.7150/ntno.66556 This issue Cite

Review

Molecular Immune Targeted Imaging of Tumor Microenvironment

Taha Rakhshandehroo, PhD1, Bryan Ronain Smith, PhD2, Hannah J. Glockner, PhD1, Mohammad Rashidian, PhD1, Neeta Pandit-Taskar, MD3✉

1. Department of Imaging, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA
2. Department of Biomedical Engineering, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA
3. Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA

Citation:
Rakhshandehroo T, Smith BR, Glockner HJ, Rashidian M, Pandit-Taskar N. Molecular Immune Targeted Imaging of Tumor Microenvironment. Nanotheranostics 2022; 6(3):286-305. doi:10.7150/ntno.66556. https://www.ntno.org/v06p0286.htm
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Abstract

Graphic abstract

Novel targeted therapies are rapidly emerging for the treatment of cancer. With the advent of new immune targeting agents, understanding the changes in the tumor microenvironment (TME) is critical. Given the complexity and several cellular mechanisms and factors that play a role in the TME, novel imaging methods to assess and evaluate the dynamic changes in the TME during treatment are needed. Several techniques are being developed for imaging TME including optical, fluorescence and photoacoustic methods. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging can be used to track the dynamics of different molecular targets in the TME in live animals and in humans. Several novel PET imaging probes including radiolabeled antibodies, antibody fragments, and small molecules have been developed with many more that are under development preclinically and in early human studies. This review is a brief overview of some of the PET agents that are either in the preclinical developmental phase or undergoing early clinical studies.

Keywords: Biomarker, radiolabeled antibody, checkpoint inhibitors, PD-1, PD-L1, FDG


Citation styles

APA
Rakhshandehroo, T., Smith, B.R., Glockner, H.J., Rashidian, M., Pandit-Taskar, N. (2022). Molecular Immune Targeted Imaging of Tumor Microenvironment. Nanotheranostics, 6(3), 286-305. https://doi.org/10.7150/ntno.66556.

ACS
Rakhshandehroo, T.; Smith, B.R.; Glockner, H.J.; Rashidian, M.; Pandit-Taskar, N. Molecular Immune Targeted Imaging of Tumor Microenvironment. Nanotheranostics 2022, 6 (3), 286-305. DOI: 10.7150/ntno.66556.

NLM
Rakhshandehroo T, Smith BR, Glockner HJ, Rashidian M, Pandit-Taskar N. Molecular Immune Targeted Imaging of Tumor Microenvironment. Nanotheranostics 2022; 6(3):286-305. doi:10.7150/ntno.66556. https://www.ntno.org/v06p0286.htm

CSE
Rakhshandehroo T, Smith BR, Glockner HJ, Rashidian M, Pandit-Taskar N. 2022. Molecular Immune Targeted Imaging of Tumor Microenvironment. Nanotheranostics. 6(3):286-305.

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