Nanotheranostics 2017; 1(4):403-414. doi:10.7150/ntno.22079

Research Paper

An Electrochemical Aptasensor Using Coaxial Capillary with Magnetic Nanoparticle, Urease Catalysis and PCB Electrode for Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7

Lei Wang1, Fengchun Huang1, Gaozhe Cai2, Lan Yao2, Huilin Zhang1, Jianhan Lin2✉

1. Key Laboratory of Agricultural Information Acquisition Technology, Ministry of Agriculture, China Agricultural University, 17 East Qinghua Road, Beijing, 100083 China;
2. Key Laboratory on Modern Precision Agriculture System Integration Research, Ministry of Education, China Agricultural University, 17 East Qinghua Road, Beijing, 100083 China.

Abstract

The continuous outbreaks of foodborne diseases have drawn public attentions to food safety. Early screening of foodborne pathogens is crucial to prevent and control of foodborne diseases. In this study, a novel electrochemical aptasensor was developed for rapid and sensitive detection of E. coli O157:H7 using the coaxial capillary with immune magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) for specific separation of the target bacteria, the urease with urea for amplification of the impedance signals, and the PCB gold electrode for measurement of the impedance change. The streptavidin modified MNPs were conjugated with the biotinylated polyclonal antibodies (PAbs) to form the immune MNPs, and captured in the coaxial capillary with the line-up high gradient magnetic fields to separate the bacteria from the large volume of sample. Then, the gold nanoparticles (GNPs) were modified with the aptamers against E. coli and the urease, and injected into the capillary to react with the bacteria and form the MNP-PAb-bacteria-aptamer-GNP-urease complexes. Finally, the urease on the complexes was used to catalyze the hydrolysis of urea into ammonium ions and carbonate ions in the capillary, leading to the decrease in the impedance of the catalysate, which was measured by the gold plating PCB electrode. The impedance change of the catalysate and the concentration of the bacteria had a good linear relationship. This aptasensor was able to detect E. coli as low as 101 CFU/mL in 3 h, and the mean recovery of E. coli in the spiked pasteurized milk was ~99%. This proposed aptasensor has the potential for practical applications of foodborne pathogen detection due to its short detection time, high sensitivity and low cost.

Keywords: Electrochemical impedance aptasensor, coaxial capillary, PCB electrode, urease catalysis, Escherichia coli O157:H7.

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How to cite this article:
Wang L, Huang F, Cai G, Yao L, Zhang H, Lin J. An Electrochemical Aptasensor Using Coaxial Capillary with Magnetic Nanoparticle, Urease Catalysis and PCB Electrode for Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Nanotheranostics 2017; 1(4):403-414. doi:10.7150/ntno.22079. Available from http://www.ntno.org/v01p0403.htm